Paths

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(Recommended '''''Mobile''''' Path Settings for Australia (VK))
('''''MOBILE''''' Stations in North America (VHF))
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Stub for [[Digipeater|digipeater]] paths - need information on recommended settings for all regions, and new paradigm information.
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Stub for recommendations on setting digipaths (aka unproto paths)
  
=== Recommended Path Settings for MOBILEs in North America, at least (VHF) ===
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IMPORTANT : We need information on recommended settings for all regions, and links to understanding new paradigm information. 
 +
RECOMMENDATION: Most of this regional info should be transferred to the new [[RegionalPages|regional info pages]] and content added there about local protocols. 
  
- WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1 :Two hops in all directions and potential for fill-in digis.  Best path for mobile use in most all areas.
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== Recommended Path Settings for: ==
- WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Three hops and potential for fill-in digis.  Use only while needed if far from any mountain digis or cities.
+
  
=== Recommended Path Settings for FIXED stations in North America, at least (VHF) ===
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=== '''''MOBILE''''' Stations in North America (VHF) ===
 +
* WIDE1-1          :A lite option, especially if digipeater stations in your area are within earshot of one or more IGate stations.  If dots on Internet maps are your target, WIDE1-1 is the courteous choice. CREDIT: [[NorCal APRS Regional Info]]
 +
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1  :Two hops in all directions with potential to use fill-in digis.  Best routine path for mobile or portable use in most all areas.
 +
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2  :''Three hops'' in all directions, with potential to use fill-in digis.  Please do not use this path unless you can verify that there are several intermediate digis required ''(and available)'' to traverse long distances to a mountaintop digi, or I-gate.  Adding hops will not be beneficial in congested areas.
  
- WIDE2-2  :Two hops, recommended max courteous routine for most areas.  Best routine from home in most areas.
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There are methods and paths for special events, emergencies, and statewide messagesPlease see information specific to your region.
- WIDE3-3  :Three hops, only for very sparse areas far from any mountain digis or citiesLimited to one hop by many digis.
+
  
For details and explanation, visit Bob WB4APR's [http://www.ew.usna.edu/~bruninga/aprs/fix14439.html NEWn-N Paradigm] web page, also available as the [http://131.122.80.201/~bruninga/aprs/fix14439.html "fix14439"] site.
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=== '''''FIXED''''' Stations in North America (VHF) ===
  
===Recommended path settings for HF operation, max routine===
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* WIDE2-1 :One hop... suitable if you are within earshot of a "high" WIDEn-N digi with a large footprint.
        - GATE, WIDE2-1:  Recommended for HF APRS, **DO NOT USE** on VHF.
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* WIDE2-2 :Two hops in all directions... recommended maximum for routine and courteous use in most areas.
 +
* WIDE3-3  :Three hops in all directions... only for very sparsely populated areas far from any mountain digis or cities. Many digis in populated areas will only give one hop to paths of WIDE3-3 (and broader).
  
You can see a bad example of path overkill [[PathOverkill|here]].
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RELAY and WIDE and TRACE and TRACEn-N are obsolete.
  
You can see a really detailed discussion of paths and hop counts at [http://webs.lanset.com/wa8lmf/DigiPaths/ http://webs.lanset.com/wa8lmf/DigiPaths/  ].
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For details and explanation, visit Bob WB4APR's [http://www.aprs.org/fix14439.html WIDEn-N Paradigm] web page.
  
=== Recommended '''''Mobile''''' Path Settings for Australia (VK) ===
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=== '''''HF''''' Stations, max routine===
 +
* GATE, WIDE2-1:  Recommended for HF APRS, **DO NOT USE** on VHF.
  
For VK2, VK4, & VK6 use RELAY,WIDE2-2
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You can see a bad example of path overkill [[PathOverkill|here]].
For VK1, VK3 & VK5 use WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1
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For VK7 use WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2  TASn-n also supported.
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=== '''''Mobile''''' Stations in Australia (VK) ===
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 +
* For VK8 use RELAY,WIDE2-2
 +
* For VK1, VK2, VK3, VK4, VK5 & VK6 use WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1
 +
* For VK7 use WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2  TASn-n also supported.
 
 
On HF use GATE, WIDE2-1 **DO NOT USE** on VHF.
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* On HF use GATE, WIDE2-1 **DO NOT USE** on VHF.
On APRS Satellites use ARISS,SGATE,WIDE
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* On APRS Satellites use ARISS,SGATE,WIDE
 
 
 
Visit the appropriate state's web page at the [http://www.aprs.net.au/ Australian APRS site] for further details.
 
Visit the appropriate state's web page at the [http://www.aprs.net.au/ Australian APRS site] for further details.
  
=== Recommended Path Settings for Ireland (EI) ===
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=== Republic of Ireland ===
 
   
 
   
  - WIDE1-1, WIDE2-1 for Mobile Stations. Two hops with support for Fill-in digis
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* WIDE1-1, WIDE2-2 for Mobile Stations. Three hops with support for Fill-in digis
  - WIDE2-2 for Base Stations. Two hops no support for Fill-in Digis. Packets should make it to an Igate.
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* WIDE2-2 for Base Stations. Two hops no support for Fill-in Digis. Packets should make it to an Igate.
 
   
 
   
  If you want to discuss/or disagree with the settings/want to try something else, Please contact either EI7IG or EI8JA.  
+
If you want to discuss/or disagree with the settings/want to try something else, Please contact either EI7IG or EI8JA.
 +
See [http://www.ei7ig.org/aprs.html http://www.ei7ig.org/aprs.html]
  
=== Recommended Path Settings for UK/EU ===  
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=== UK/EU ===  
 +
Home Stations (UI-View Style)
 +
*    APRS,WIDE2-2
 +
Mobiles (Packet Path)
 +
*    WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1
 +
IGATEs (UI-View Style)
 +
*    APRS,WIDE2-1
  
- Mobiles -> RELAY,TRACE2-2 <- (Kenwood Style)
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[http://www.apritch.myby.co.uk/uiview_newn-n.htm http://www.apritch.myby.co.uk/uiview_newn-n.htm]
- Home Stations -> APRS,TRACE3-3 <- (UI-View Style)
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- IGATE's -> APRS,TRACE1-1 <- (UI-View Style)
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[http://www.apritch.myby.co.uk/uiview_neweu.htm http://www.apritch.myby.co.uk/uiview_neweu.htm]
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=== New Zealand ===
  
===Recommended path settings for New Zealand (ZL)===
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* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
 +
* WIDE2-2 :Home stations
  
- Mobiles: WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2  - Home stations: WIDE3-3
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http://zlhams.wikidot.com/aprsrecommendations:recommendations
  
===Recommended path settings for Norway===
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=== Norway ===
  
- Mobiles: WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 - Home stations: WIDE3-3
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* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
 +
* WIDE3-3 :Home stations
 +
* WIDE2-1 : Igates
  
[http://tf8bk.famutne.net/aprs_tech.html#unproto http://tf8bk.famutne.net/aprs_tech.html#unproto]
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Bruker man UI-View:
 +
* APRS,WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
 +
* APRS,WIDE3-3 :Home stations
  
===Recommended path settings for Poland===
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[http://www.aprsla.net/aprs_tech.html#unproto http://www.aprsla.net/aprs_tech.html#unproto]
  
- Mobiles: WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 - Home stations: WIDE3-3
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=== Poland ===
 +
 
 +
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
 +
* WIDE3-3 :Home stations
  
 
[http://www.aprs.pl/europe.htm http://www.aprs.pl/europe.htm]
 
[http://www.aprs.pl/europe.htm http://www.aprs.pl/europe.htm]
  
===Recommended path settings for Luxembourg===
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=== Luxembourg ===
  
- Mobiles: WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 - Home stations: WIDE4-4
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* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
 +
* WIDE4-4 :Home stations
  
 
[http://www.rlx.lu/lx_aprs.htm http://www.rlx.lu/lx_aprs.htm]
 
[http://www.rlx.lu/lx_aprs.htm http://www.rlx.lu/lx_aprs.htm]
  
===Recommended path settings for Germany===
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=== Czech Republic ===
  
- Mobiles: WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1 - Home stations: WIDE2-2
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* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
 +
* WIDE2-2 :Home stations
 +
 
 +
[http://www.hamradio.cz/aprs_new/index.php  http://www.hamradio.cz]
 +
 
 +
=== Germany ===
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 +
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1 :Mobile trackers
 +
* WIDE2-2 :Home stations
  
 
[http://www.aprs-dl.de/index.php?Umstellung_NEWn-N:NEWn-N-Paradigm http://www.aprs-dl.de/index.php?Umstellung_NEWn-N:NEWn-N-Paradigm]
 
[http://www.aprs-dl.de/index.php?Umstellung_NEWn-N:NEWn-N-Paradigm http://www.aprs-dl.de/index.php?Umstellung_NEWn-N:NEWn-N-Paradigm]
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=== JAPAN ===
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 +
* WIDE1-1 or SSn-N :MOBILE Stations
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* No Path  :FIXED Stations
 +
 +
JAPRSX http://japrsx.com for further details.
 +
 +
=== South Africa (VHF) ===
 +
 +
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2  :Three hops with potential to use fill-in digis.

Revision as of 08:33, 22 July 2011

Stub for recommendations on setting digipaths (aka unproto paths)

IMPORTANT : We need information on recommended settings for all regions, and links to understanding new paradigm information. RECOMMENDATION: Most of this regional info should be transferred to the new regional info pages and content added there about local protocols.

Contents

Recommended Path Settings for:

MOBILE Stations in North America (VHF)

  • WIDE1-1  :A lite option, especially if digipeater stations in your area are within earshot of one or more IGate stations. If dots on Internet maps are your target, WIDE1-1 is the courteous choice. CREDIT: NorCal APRS Regional Info
  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1  :Two hops in all directions with potential to use fill-in digis. Best routine path for mobile or portable use in most all areas.
  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2  :Three hops in all directions, with potential to use fill-in digis. Please do not use this path unless you can verify that there are several intermediate digis required (and available) to traverse long distances to a mountaintop digi, or I-gate. Adding hops will not be beneficial in congested areas.

There are methods and paths for special events, emergencies, and statewide messages. Please see information specific to your region.

FIXED Stations in North America (VHF)

  • WIDE2-1  :One hop... suitable if you are within earshot of a "high" WIDEn-N digi with a large footprint.
  • WIDE2-2  :Two hops in all directions... recommended maximum for routine and courteous use in most areas.
  • WIDE3-3  :Three hops in all directions... only for very sparsely populated areas far from any mountain digis or cities. Many digis in populated areas will only give one hop to paths of WIDE3-3 (and broader).

RELAY and WIDE and TRACE and TRACEn-N are obsolete.

For details and explanation, visit Bob WB4APR's WIDEn-N Paradigm web page.

HF Stations, max routine

  • GATE, WIDE2-1: Recommended for HF APRS, **DO NOT USE** on VHF.

You can see a bad example of path overkill here.

Mobile Stations in Australia (VK)

  • For VK8 use RELAY,WIDE2-2
  • For VK1, VK2, VK3, VK4, VK5 & VK6 use WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1
  • For VK7 use WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 TASn-n also supported.
  • On HF use GATE, WIDE2-1 **DO NOT USE** on VHF.
  • On APRS Satellites use ARISS,SGATE,WIDE

Visit the appropriate state's web page at the Australian APRS site for further details.

Republic of Ireland

  • WIDE1-1, WIDE2-2 for Mobile Stations. Three hops with support for Fill-in digis
  • WIDE2-2 for Base Stations. Two hops no support for Fill-in Digis. Packets should make it to an Igate.

If you want to discuss/or disagree with the settings/want to try something else, Please contact either EI7IG or EI8JA. See http://www.ei7ig.org/aprs.html

UK/EU

Home Stations (UI-View Style)

  • APRS,WIDE2-2

Mobiles (Packet Path)

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1

IGATEs (UI-View Style)

  • APRS,WIDE2-1

http://www.apritch.myby.co.uk/uiview_newn-n.htm

New Zealand

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
  • WIDE2-2 :Home stations

http://zlhams.wikidot.com/aprsrecommendations:recommendations

Norway

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
  • WIDE3-3 :Home stations
  • WIDE2-1 : Igates

Bruker man UI-View:

  • APRS,WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
  • APRS,WIDE3-3 :Home stations

http://www.aprsla.net/aprs_tech.html#unproto

Poland

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
  • WIDE3-3 :Home stations

http://www.aprs.pl/europe.htm

Luxembourg

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
  • WIDE4-4 :Home stations

http://www.rlx.lu/lx_aprs.htm

Czech Republic

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
  • WIDE2-2 :Home stations

http://www.hamradio.cz

Germany

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1 :Mobile trackers
  • WIDE2-2 :Home stations

http://www.aprs-dl.de/index.php?Umstellung_NEWn-N:NEWn-N-Paradigm

JAPAN

  • WIDE1-1 or SSn-N :MOBILE Stations
  • No Path  :FIXED Stations

JAPRSX http://japrsx.com for further details.

South Africa (VHF)

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2  :Three hops with potential to use fill-in digis.
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