Paths

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('''''FIXED''''' Stations in North America (VHF))
(Added information for high-altitude balloons.)
 
(28 intermediate revisions by 13 users not shown)
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Stub for [[Digipeater|digipeater]] paths - need information on recommended settings for all regions, and new paradigm information.
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Stub for recommendations on setting digipaths (aka unproto paths)
 +
 
 +
IMPORTANT : We need information on recommended settings for all regions, and links to understanding new paradigm information.
 +
RECOMMENDATION: Most of this regional info should be transferred to the new [[RegionalPages|regional info pages]] and content added there about local protocols. 
 +
 
 +
== Recommended Path Settings for: ==
  
==== Recommended Path Settings for: ====
 
 
=== '''''MOBILE''''' Stations in North America (VHF) ===
 
=== '''''MOBILE''''' Stations in North America (VHF) ===
 +
* WIDE1-1          :A lite option, especially if digipeater stations in your area are within earshot of one or more IGate stations.  If dots on Internet maps are your target, WIDE1-1 is the courteous choice. CREDIT: [[NorCal APRS Regional Info]]
 +
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1  :Two hops in all directions with potential to use fill-in digis.  Best routine path for mobile or portable use in most all areas.
 +
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2  :''Three hops'' in all directions, with potential to use fill-in digis.  Please do not use this path unless you can verify that there are several intermediate digis required ''(and available)'' to traverse long distances to a mountaintop digi, or I-gate.  Adding hops will not be beneficial in congested areas.
  
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1  :Two hops in all directions with potential to use fill-in digisBest path for mobile use in most all areas.
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There are methods and paths for special events, emergencies, and statewide messagesPlease see information specific to your region.
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2  :Three hops with potential to use fill-in digis.  Use only while needed if very far from any mountain digis or cities.
+
  
 
=== '''''FIXED''''' Stations in North America (VHF) ===
 
=== '''''FIXED''''' Stations in North America (VHF) ===
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RELAY and WIDE and TRACE and TRACEn-N are obsolete.
 
RELAY and WIDE and TRACE and TRACEn-N are obsolete.
  
For details and explanation, visit Bob WB4APR's [http://www.ew.usna.edu/~bruninga/aprs/fix14439.html NEWn-N Paradigm] web page, also available as the [http://131.122.80.201/~bruninga/aprs/fix14439.html "fix14439"] site.
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For details and explanation, visit Bob WB4APR's [http://www.aprs.org/fix14439.html WIDEn-N Paradigm] web page.
  
 
=== '''''HF''''' Stations, max routine===
 
=== '''''HF''''' Stations, max routine===
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You can see a bad example of path overkill [[PathOverkill|here]].
 
You can see a bad example of path overkill [[PathOverkill|here]].
  
You can see a really detailed discussion of paths and hop counts at [http://webs.lanset.com/wa8lmf/DigiPaths/ http://webs.lanset.com/wa8lmf/DigiPaths/ ].
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=== '''''High-Altitude Balloon''''' Stations ===
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Do '''not''' set any path for balloons.  With altitude, the beacons will be heard by stations over a very wide distance, eliminating the need for digipeatingUsing a WIDEn-N path in this scenario will simply spam the frequency.
  
 
=== '''''Mobile''''' Stations in Australia (VK) ===
 
=== '''''Mobile''''' Stations in Australia (VK) ===
  
* For VK6 & VK8 use RELAY,WIDE2-2
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* For VK8 use RELAY,WIDE2-2
* For VK1, VK2, VK3, VK4 & VK5 use WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1
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* For VK1, VK2, VK3, VK4, VK5 & VK6 use WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1
 
* For VK7 use WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2  TASn-n also supported.
 
* For VK7 use WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2  TASn-n also supported.
 
 
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Visit the appropriate state's web page at the [http://www.aprs.net.au/ Australian APRS site] for further details.
 
Visit the appropriate state's web page at the [http://www.aprs.net.au/ Australian APRS site] for further details.
  
=== Ireland (EI) ===
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=== Republic of Ireland ===
 
   
 
   
* WIDE1-1, WIDE2-2 for Mobile Stations. Two hops with support for Fill-in digis
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* WIDE1-1, WIDE2-2 for Mobile Stations. Three hops with support for Fill-in digis
 
* WIDE2-2 for Base Stations. Two hops no support for Fill-in Digis. Packets should make it to an Igate.
 
* WIDE2-2 for Base Stations. Two hops no support for Fill-in Digis. Packets should make it to an Igate.
 
   
 
   
 
If you want to discuss/or disagree with the settings/want to try something else, Please contact either EI7IG or EI8JA.
 
If you want to discuss/or disagree with the settings/want to try something else, Please contact either EI7IG or EI8JA.
 +
See [http://www.ei7ig.org/aprs.html http://www.ei7ig.org/aprs.html]
  
=== UK/EU ===  
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=== UK/EU ===  
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Home Stations (UI-View Style)
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*    APRS,WIDE2-2
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Mobiles (Packet Path)
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*    WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1
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IGATEs (UI-View Style)
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*    APRS,WIDE2-1
  
* Mobiles -> RELAY,TRACE2-2 <- (Kenwood Style)
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[http://www.apritch.myby.co.uk/uiview_newn-n.htm http://www.apritch.myby.co.uk/uiview_newn-n.htm]
* Home Stations -> APRS,TRACE3-3 <- (UI-View Style)
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* IGATE's -> APRS,TRACE1-1 <- (UI-View Style)
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[http://www.apritch.myby.co.uk/uiview_neweu.htm http://www.apritch.myby.co.uk/uiview_neweu.htm]
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=== New Zealand ===
 
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===New Zealand===
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* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
 
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
* WIDE3-3 :Home stations
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* WIDE2-2 :Home stations
  
=== Norway===
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http://zlhams.wikidot.com/aprsrecommendations:recommendations
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 +
=== Norway ===
  
 
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
 
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
 
* WIDE3-3 :Home stations
 
* WIDE3-3 :Home stations
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* WIDE2-1 : Igates
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 +
Bruker man UI-View:
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* APRS,WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
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* APRS,WIDE3-3 :Home stations
  
[http://tf8bk.famutne.net/aprs_tech.html#unproto http://tf8bk.famutne.net/aprs_tech.html#unproto]
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[http://www.aprsla.net/aprs_tech.html#unproto http://www.aprsla.net/aprs_tech.html#unproto]
  
===Poland===
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=== Poland ===
  
 
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
 
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
Line 69: Line 86:
 
[http://www.aprs.pl/europe.htm http://www.aprs.pl/europe.htm]
 
[http://www.aprs.pl/europe.htm http://www.aprs.pl/europe.htm]
  
===Luxembourg===
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=== Luxembourg ===
  
 
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
 
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
Line 76: Line 93:
 
[http://www.rlx.lu/lx_aprs.htm http://www.rlx.lu/lx_aprs.htm]
 
[http://www.rlx.lu/lx_aprs.htm http://www.rlx.lu/lx_aprs.htm]
  
===Germany===
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=== Czech Republic ===
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* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
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* WIDE2-2 :Home stations
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[http://www.hamradio.cz/aprs_new/index.php  http://www.hamradio.cz]
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=== Germany ===
  
 
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1 :Mobile trackers
 
* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1 :Mobile trackers
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[http://www.aprs-dl.de/index.php?Umstellung_NEWn-N:NEWn-N-Paradigm http://www.aprs-dl.de/index.php?Umstellung_NEWn-N:NEWn-N-Paradigm]
 
[http://www.aprs-dl.de/index.php?Umstellung_NEWn-N:NEWn-N-Paradigm http://www.aprs-dl.de/index.php?Umstellung_NEWn-N:NEWn-N-Paradigm]
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=== JAPAN ===
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* WIDE1-1 or SSn-N :MOBILE Stations
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* No Path  :FIXED Stations
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JAPRSX http://japrsx.com for further details.
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=== South Africa (VHF) ===
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* WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2  :Three hops with potential to use fill-in digis.

Latest revision as of 16:24, 12 July 2014

Stub for recommendations on setting digipaths (aka unproto paths)

IMPORTANT : We need information on recommended settings for all regions, and links to understanding new paradigm information. RECOMMENDATION: Most of this regional info should be transferred to the new regional info pages and content added there about local protocols.

Contents

[edit] Recommended Path Settings for:

[edit] MOBILE Stations in North America (VHF)

  • WIDE1-1  :A lite option, especially if digipeater stations in your area are within earshot of one or more IGate stations. If dots on Internet maps are your target, WIDE1-1 is the courteous choice. CREDIT: NorCal APRS Regional Info
  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1  :Two hops in all directions with potential to use fill-in digis. Best routine path for mobile or portable use in most all areas.
  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2  :Three hops in all directions, with potential to use fill-in digis. Please do not use this path unless you can verify that there are several intermediate digis required (and available) to traverse long distances to a mountaintop digi, or I-gate. Adding hops will not be beneficial in congested areas.

There are methods and paths for special events, emergencies, and statewide messages. Please see information specific to your region.

[edit] FIXED Stations in North America (VHF)

  • WIDE2-1  :One hop... suitable if you are within earshot of a "high" WIDEn-N digi with a large footprint.
  • WIDE2-2  :Two hops in all directions... recommended maximum for routine and courteous use in most areas.
  • WIDE3-3  :Three hops in all directions... only for very sparsely populated areas far from any mountain digis or cities. Many digis in populated areas will only give one hop to paths of WIDE3-3 (and broader).

RELAY and WIDE and TRACE and TRACEn-N are obsolete.

For details and explanation, visit Bob WB4APR's WIDEn-N Paradigm web page.

[edit] HF Stations, max routine

  • GATE, WIDE2-1: Recommended for HF APRS, **DO NOT USE** on VHF.

You can see a bad example of path overkill here.

[edit] High-Altitude Balloon Stations

Do not set any path for balloons. With altitude, the beacons will be heard by stations over a very wide distance, eliminating the need for digipeating. Using a WIDEn-N path in this scenario will simply spam the frequency.

[edit] Mobile Stations in Australia (VK)

  • For VK8 use RELAY,WIDE2-2
  • For VK1, VK2, VK3, VK4, VK5 & VK6 use WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1
  • For VK7 use WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 TASn-n also supported.
  • On HF use GATE, WIDE2-1 **DO NOT USE** on VHF.
  • On APRS Satellites use ARISS,SGATE,WIDE

Visit the appropriate state's web page at the Australian APRS site for further details.

[edit] Republic of Ireland

  • WIDE1-1, WIDE2-2 for Mobile Stations. Three hops with support for Fill-in digis
  • WIDE2-2 for Base Stations. Two hops no support for Fill-in Digis. Packets should make it to an Igate.

If you want to discuss/or disagree with the settings/want to try something else, Please contact either EI7IG or EI8JA. See http://www.ei7ig.org/aprs.html

[edit] UK/EU

Home Stations (UI-View Style)

  • APRS,WIDE2-2

Mobiles (Packet Path)

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1

IGATEs (UI-View Style)

  • APRS,WIDE2-1

http://www.apritch.myby.co.uk/uiview_newn-n.htm

[edit] New Zealand

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
  • WIDE2-2 :Home stations

http://zlhams.wikidot.com/aprsrecommendations:recommendations

[edit] Norway

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
  • WIDE3-3 :Home stations
  • WIDE2-1 : Igates

Bruker man UI-View:

  • APRS,WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
  • APRS,WIDE3-3 :Home stations

http://www.aprsla.net/aprs_tech.html#unproto

[edit] Poland

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
  • WIDE3-3 :Home stations

http://www.aprs.pl/europe.htm

[edit] Luxembourg

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
  • WIDE4-4 :Home stations

http://www.rlx.lu/lx_aprs.htm

[edit] Czech Republic

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
  • WIDE2-2 :Home stations

http://www.hamradio.cz

[edit] Germany

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1 :Mobile trackers
  • WIDE2-2 :Home stations

http://www.aprs-dl.de/index.php?Umstellung_NEWn-N:NEWn-N-Paradigm

[edit] JAPAN

  • WIDE1-1 or SSn-N :MOBILE Stations
  • No Path  :FIXED Stations

JAPRSX http://japrsx.com for further details.

[edit] South Africa (VHF)

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2  :Three hops with potential to use fill-in digis.
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