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Stub for digipeater paths - need information on recommended settings for all regions, and new paradigm information. Most of this regional info should be transferred to the new regional info pages and content added there about local protocols.


Recommended Path Settings for:

MOBILE Stations in North America (VHF)

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1  :Two hops in all directions with potential to use fill-in digis. Best path for mobile use in most all areas.
  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2  :Three hops with potential to use fill-in digis. Use only if truly needed while very far from any mountain digis or cities.

FIXED Stations in North America (VHF)

  • WIDE2-1  :One hop... suitable if you are within earshot of a "high" WIDEn-N digi with a large footprint.
  • WIDE2-2  :Two hops in all directions... recommended maximum for routine and courteous use in most areas.
  • WIDE3-3  :Three hops in all directions... only for very sparsely populated areas far from any mountain digis or cities. Many digis in populated areas will only give one hop to paths of WIDE3-3 (and broader).

RELAY and WIDE and TRACE and TRACEn-N are obsolete.

For details and explanation, visit Bob WB4APR's NEWn-N Paradigm web page, also available as the "fix14439" site.

HF Stations, max routine

  • GATE, WIDE2-1: Recommended for HF APRS, **DO NOT USE** on VHF.

You can see a bad example of path overkill here.

You can see a really detailed discussion of paths and hop counts at .

Mobile Stations in Australia (VK)

  • For VK6 & VK8 use RELAY,WIDE2-2
  • For VK1, VK2, VK3, VK4 & VK5 use WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1
  • For VK7 use WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 TASn-n also supported.
  • On HF use GATE, WIDE2-1 **DO NOT USE** on VHF.
  • On APRS Satellites use ARISS,SGATE,WIDE

Visit the appropriate state's web page at the Australian APRS site for further details.

Ireland (EI)

  • WIDE1-1, WIDE2-2 for Mobile Stations. Two hops with support for Fill-in digis
  • WIDE2-2 for Base Stations. Two hops no support for Fill-in Digis. Packets should make it to an Igate.

If you want to discuss/or disagree with the settings/want to try something else, Please contact either EI7IG or EI8JA.


  • Mobiles -> RELAY,TRACE2-2 <- (Kenwood Style)
  • Home Stations -> APRS,TRACE3-3 <- (UI-View Style)
  • IGATE's -> APRS,TRACE1-1 <- (UI-View Style)

New Zealand

  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
  • WIDE3-3 :Home stations


  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
  • WIDE3-3 :Home stations


  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
  • WIDE3-3 :Home stations


  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-2 :Mobile trackers
  • WIDE4-4 :Home stations


  • WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1 :Mobile trackers
  • WIDE2-2 :Home stations

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